‘Diversity. Pluralism. Variety.’


This is the latest post in our series on the voucher left.

Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Democratic icon, was an unabashed supporter of school choice, as we’ve been happy to note.

For years, he led an effort to establish tuition tax credits for parents who send their children to private schools – an effort that never became law but did, at one remarkable moment in 1977, draw 50 co-sponsors, 26 of them Republicans and 24 of them Democrats. Except for a massive expansion of Florida’s tax credit scholarship program in 2010, which won backing from more than 40 percent of the state’s Democratic lawmakers, no major piece of private school choice legislation that we can think of has drawn that level of bipartisan support.Voucher Left logo snipped

But while we’ve noted Moynihan’s passion for choice, it’s worth taking a closer look at his rationale. Nowhere does he lay out his case more clearly than in this April 1978 essay in Harper’s.

For Moynihan, public support for private schools was a matter of historical fact and constitutional authority, and of being clear-eyed about the well-intentioned but still-smothering effects of government bureaucracy.

It was also about staying true to one of America’s most enduring principles:

I take pluralism to be a valuable characteristic of education, as of much else in this society. We are many peoples, and our social arrangements reflect this disinclination to submerge our inherited distinctiveness in a homogenous whole.

Our private schools and colleges embody these values. They provide diversity to the society, choices to students and their parents, and a rich array of distinctive educational offerings that even the finest of public institutions may find difficult to supply, not least because they are public and must embody generalized values.

Diversity. Pluralism. Variety. These are values, too, and perhaps nowhere more valuable than in the experiences that our children have in their early years, when their values and attitudes are formed, their minds awakened, and their friendships formed. We cherish these values, and I do not believe it excessive to ask that that they be embodied in our national policies for American education.

Moynihan, of course, isn’t the only choice supporter who stressed diversity. Those arguments come from all points on the political spectrum. The Cato Institute makes them frequently and convincingly. So do some academics (see here and here). So does this rising political star, and fellow Democrat, from Moynihan’s home state:

“In every state in this country, we talk about diversity,” New York Assemblyman Marcos Crespo said at a gathering of Hispanic school choice supporters in Florida last year. “We talk about the strength of our diverse communities, we talk about the diversity of faith, of cultures and languages that make the United States what it is, certainly New York what it is. But then we don’t translate that very concept into the way in which we provide opportunities. Ladies and gentlemen, one size doesn’t fit all.”

While Moynihan could be quite the maverick (and an inspiration for decades-long debates), he wasn’t a lone wolf when it came to school choice and the Democrats of his era. Continue Reading →


Florida roundup: Personalization, school boards, charter schools and more

florida-roundup-logoPersonalized learning. A Gates Foundation grant helps Pinellas schools try a new approach. Tampa Bay Times.

Charter schools. The Lake school board wants more time to decide a charter application. Leesburg Daily Commercial.

Principal autonomy. Legislation returns this year. Sun-Sentinel.

Lawsuits. The statewide teachers union might sue over a bonus program. Orlando Sentinel.

Class size. Lake school board members hope to avoid penalties incurred last year. Orlando Sentinel.

Audits. Lawmakers probe Palm Beach bus woes. Sun-Sentinel. Palm Beach Post.

Supplies. Teachers bristle at having to show receipts for supply-assistance funding. Gradebook.

School boards. A Collier school board member avoids censure by the Republican Party. Naples Daily News. An Escambia school board member is set to resign. Pensacola News-Journal.

Continue Reading →


School choice expands opportunity for Hispanic children

This op-ed, by prominent Florida pastor Nino Gonzalez, originally appeared in Spanish in the latest edition of La Prensa. Here is the English translation.

Pastor Gonzales

Pastor Gonzales

A lot of people misread our poor communities. They think because people are financially poor, they must be intellectually poor. But we know all of our children have the ability to learn at the highest levels, and to live up to their God-given potential. We also know a key to making that happen is matching them to the learning environments that are best for them.

This is why I support school choice. And this is why I am so disappointed with the lawsuit that seeks to kill the Florida tax credit scholarship program.

A year ago, the teachers union filed suit to end the program, which is the biggest private school choice program in America. Never mind that it has been in existence for 14 years and serves 77,000 low-income children, including about 30,000 Hispanic children. And never mind that a judge ruled in May that the union did not have standing to sue, and that its claims of harm to public school students were “speculative.” The union decided to appeal, and its president promised to fight all the way to the Florida Supreme Court.

This is wrong. Freedom and choice are core American values, so why is education an exception? Why does the union want to block poor parents from schools that work for their children? There are no good answers.

The suit is even more wrong when you consider how many Hispanic students struggle. In 2014, only 50 percent of Hispanic 10th graders in Florida passed the reading test they must pass to graduate. The numbers were even worse in Central Florida. In Orange County, 46 percent passed. In Osceola, 41 percent. In Polk, 36 percent.

I don’t bring this up to disparage public schools. Many of them are working tirelessly. But other schools can help our children succeed too. Continue Reading →


A new kid on South Florida’s charter school block is growing fast

Children play outside on Franklin Academy's new campus in sunrise, Fla.

Children play outside on Franklin Academy’s new campus in sunrise, Fla.

Sophia Salazar tried for nearly two decades to get her children into one of Broward County’s most sought-after school choice programs.

Her oldest, now 26, didn’t win the lottery for the district’s Nova schools. She sent her second-oldest to private school. But when one of her children finally gained admission to the district’s highly regarded partnership with Nova Southeastern University, she’d found a new first choice.

She started sending her three youngest children — a first grader, a fourth-grader and a sixth-grader — to the newest Franklin Academy charter school, which opened this fall in Sunrise, Fla.

“Franklin gave them a little more,” Salazar said. She drives he children daily from Hollywood, in southeastern Broward, to the suburb near the western edge of the county. The commute, she said, is worth it. “If my kids are happy to wake up in the morning and be the first one here, that’s how I know.”

At a time when national charter school advocates are wondering how their movement can attract more suburbanites, Franklin Academy charter schools managed to thrive in the already-choice-heavy school systems of South Florida. In five years, the network overseen by the Florida Charter Foundation has grown to enroll more than 6,000 students on five campuses in Broward and Palm Beach Counties. Its combined waiting lists stretch into the thousands. Plans are in the works to add a sixth campus — its first for high school grades — and to roll out International Baccalaureate programs.

The relatively young charter school network has gotten some high-profile help, including a facilities investment backed by retired tennis star Andre Agassi. It’s caught on in part because it hits a sweet spot for parents like Salazar, providing a private-school feel with public-school oversight.

Daniel Sandberg, the principal at the new Sunrise campus, said parents come looking for one thing above all else.

“They’re looking for rigor,” he said. Sometimes, he added, they tell him: “School seems a lot harder here.” Continue Reading →


Florida roundup: Charter schools, testing, blessings and more


Charter schools. A loan brings a Collier charter school closer to a permanent facility. Naples Daily News.

Testing. Where is Florida’s testing controversy headed? Tampa Bay Times. Parents await score reports. Florida Times-Union. Duval superintendent Nikolai Vitti questions the push to set tougher cut scores. Gradebook. A school board member calls for raising the bar. Pensacola News-Journal. School administrators weigh in on testing and accountability. Gradebook. Tampa Bay Times columnist John Romano criticizes testing and accountability policies.

Teacher quality. Thousands of South Florida teachers apply for a controversial bonus program. Miami Herald. Sun-Sentinel.

Field trips. A TV news show catches up with students from a South Florida charter school on a field trip. WPBF.

Administration. Is turnover among district leaders increasing? Fort Myers News-Press. Alachua’s superintendent shakes up the top ranks of his administration. Gainesville Sun.

Campaigns. A Leon County district administrator might have to resign his post to run for superintendent. Tallahassee Democrat.

Blessings. A Catholic school blesses pets to honor St. Francis of Assisi. Bradenton Herald.

Prayer. Okaloosa schools face another complaint from a freedom-from-religion group. Northwest Florida Daily News.

Cyberbullying. Palm Beach schools want to regulate students’ social media posts. Palm Beach Post.

Math. Leon County students top international tests. Tallahassee Democrat.

Continue Reading →


This week in school choice: Arne Duncan’s legacy

U.S. Education Secretary Arne Duncan is stepping down, and will be succeeded by former New York state education chief (and charter school founder) John King.

What can we say about Duncan’s legacy on school choice?

He helped the development of high-quality charter schools.

Nina Rees, president and CEO of the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, applauded Duncan for his support of charter schools.

“His leadership on behalf of the federal Charter Schools Program has enabled the dramatic growth in the number of high quality charter schools, ensuring that hundreds of thousands more students now have access to better schools regardless of their family income or zip code,” she wrote in a statement.

He wasn’t a voucher supporter.

“He’s gone a lot further than a lot of other Democratic education secretaries on supporting educational options, but he didn’t go far enough,” said Robert Enlow, president and CEO of the Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice. “The D.C. voucher program was right under his nose, and he didn’t support it.”

He pushed a politically moderate agenda whose full effects won’t be known for some time.

[E]ducation is an issue where Obama really does split the difference between left and right, supporting charter schools that innovate within the public system but not vouchers for private schools, battling teachers unions while defending their collective bargaining rights. But now his school reforms are under attack from the left and right. And unlike his health reforms, which produced a rapid decline in the uninsured rate, or his energy reforms, which generated dramatic increases in solar and wind power, their impact remains unclear as his presidency enters the home stretch.

U.S. graduation rates are at an all-time high, with the biggest improvements for minorities and the poor. Dropout rates are at an all-time low. Test scores are slightly up, with some of the biggest gains in states that embraced the administration’s approach to reform. Sketchy diploma mills are vacuuming up fewer federal dollars. But even Duncan acknowledges that the hopeful signs are not yet proof that reform is working.

“This is the ultimate long-term play,” he said. “A lot of the results won’t be seen for 10 or 15 years. This kind of work, it’s not about tomorrow’s headline.”

Meanwhile… Continue Reading →


Florida lawmakers look for ways to stop charter failures without creating barriers

In the upcoming legislative session, the Florida Legislature is likely to grapple with an issue that’s come up repeatedly in recent years. How can they stop financially shaky charter schools that suddenly shut down, without creating barriers to legitimate schools?

In a recent interview, Rep. Manny Diaz, who chairs a key panel on school choice issues, said lawmakers are looking for ways to make sure upstart charter schools are financially secure.

“You’re going to have to have a base of support. You’re going to have to have some people involved who can raise some money,” he said. “I think that will eliminate a lot of the issues that we’ve been seeing.”

Next week, Florida lawmakers will have their first discussion about reviving some of the charter school and school choice issues that went unresolved during this year’s legislative session. Tuesday’s meeting of the House Choice and Innovation Subcommittee will offer a first look at what’s to come when the next legislative session starts in January.

An idea that’s been floated in recent years would require new charter schools to secure a $250,000 surety bond or line of credit from a bank. If a school suddenly failed, there would be a financial cushion to ensure taxpayers aren’t on the hook. That concept raised concerns among mom-and-pop charter advocates during a meeting of charter school operators and district authorizers in Fort Lauderdale.

“If this was a requirement when we opened 16 years ago, we would have never been able to open, and we have been a high-quality, high-performing school for 14 years,” Maritza Aragon, the principal of the Youth Co-Op Preparatory Charter School in Hialeah, said. She added that “$250,000 for a nonprofit — a real, small, beginning nonprofit — is unrealistic.”

Continue Reading →


Florida roundup: Accountability, teacher quality, polling and more

florida-roundup-logoAccountability. Florida school boards come out swinging on school accountability. Gradebook. Southwest Florida and Bay County superintendents air frustrations. Fort Myers News-Press. Panama City News Herald. Standards, testing and accountability emerge as election issues. Politico Florida.

Testing. Collier, Leon and Wakulla students do well on state assessments. Naples Daily News. Tallahassee Democrat.

Teacher quality. The application period closes on a contentious bonus program. Gradebook.

Legislation. Senate Education Appropriations Chairman Don Gaetz tells a Jackson County Rotary Club he will fight for a local school-construction appropriation and try to revamp the state’s testing and accountability systems. Jackson County Floridian.

Public opinion. Hispanics would rather talk about education than immigration, Julio Fuentes writes in the Washington Examiner. (He is on the board of Step Up For Students, which hosts this blog).

Athletics. Private-school stereotypes aren’t all true. Leesburg Daily Commercial.

Transportation. Bus woes continue in Boca. Sun-Sentinel. Continue Reading →